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Integrated Circuit


An Integrated Circuit is a formal name for a component commonly termed chip or IC, that is a small electronic device made out of a semiconductor material.

The first integrated circuit was developed in the 1950s by Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments and Robert Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductor, now a part of Schlumberger.

Integrated circuits are used for a variety of devices, including microprocessors (CPUs), audio and video equipment, and automobiles. Integrated circuits are often classified by the number of transistors and other electronic components they contain:

  • SSI (small-scale integration): Up to 100 electronic components per chip
  • MSI (medium-scale integration): From 100 to 3,000 electronic components per chip
  • LSI (large-scale integration): From 3,000 to 100,000 electronic components per chip
  • VLSI (very large-scale integration): From 100,000 to 1,000,000 electronic components per chip
  • ULSI (ultra large-scale integration): More than 1 million electronic components per chip

IC are usually packaged in a plastic or ceramic case with external connector pins.Some ICs used in midibox designs:

Mouser Referenced Datasheets are given for example.

Description Type Mouser Ref Datasheet Link
74HC165 Serial Register 595-CD74HC165EE4 74HC165
74HC595 Serial Register 595-CD74HC595E 74HC595
74HCT541 Line Driver 595-D74HCT541E 74HCT541
74HC00 Logic Gate 595-CD74HC00EE4 74HC00
6N138 OptoCoupler 512-6N138M 6N138
MOS4051 Multiplexer switch 595-CD74HC4051M96 MOS4051
TL072 Operational Amplifier 595-TL072ACP TL072
TL074 Operational Amplifier 512-LM324N TL074 / LM324
MCP6004 Operational Amplifier 579-MCP6004-E/P MCP600X
MCP3208 Analog>Digital converter579-MCP3208CIP MCP3208
MCP3428 Analog>Digital converter579-MCP3428E/SL MCP3428
MAX525 Digital>Analog converter700-MAX525BCPP MAX525
PIC16F88 Microcontroller 579-PIC16F88-I/P PIC16F88
integrated_circuit.txt · Last modified: 2016/08/10 19:19 by psykhaze